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5G Network: Features, Benefits and Development


What is 5G?

5G is in development and it’s looking great. 

But what is 5G? Put simply, it’s the next stage in mobile technology. It follows 4G and 4G LTE and builds on what they offer, delivering everything at a faster speed.

Your phone will already have access to the 3G or 4G network. You can see the symbol in the corner of your phone screen. Go ahead, take a look.

But from as early as 2020, you could have the latest and fastest mobile technology in the palm of your hand.

Note that there’s currently no concrete data on 5G, as it’s still in development. The data presented here is based on research being carried out, and the features that the Next Generation Mobile Networks Alliance believes 5G should fulfil.

5G Features and Benefits 

What will 5G offer you? Put simply, it will provide:

Faster Speed

Everybody wants their videos and programmes to be on their device without delay. However, slow download speeds, for most of us, happen daily.

How often have you sat there waiting for a HD movie to download? Too many times?

With 5G, your waiting time will decrease a lot.  We’re promised speeds greater than 1Gbps. Some experts estimate the speed will be closer to 10Gbps, which would be really fast. For example, assuming the download speed really is 10Gbps, you could download an HD movie in seconds. Yes, your much anticipated release or favourite film would be with you in no time at all.
 

Download speeds won’t be the only improved speed. Your overall internet speed will be faster, too. However, there are no exact speeds just yet, as 5G isn’t due for release for another few years.

But that doesn’t mean 5G doesn’t exist at all.

Some organisations are already testing some of the 5G delivery methods. 

Samsung, for example, claims to have reached 7.5Gbps. Its rival, Nokia, has apparently reached the exceptional speed of 10Gbps. 

What does all this mean? Well, given that one of the fastest 4G mobile speeds in the UK is 300Mbps, 7.5Gbps would be a huge increase. 

Browsing the web would be even faster. 

Reduced Latency

What is latency?

Latency is the delay between making a request, and the request being carried out.

For example, when you press ‘play’ on Netflix, there will be a pause between your pressing the button and the process being carried out.

Another example can be found on online multiplayer games. When the gamer hits a command button, a high level of latency reduces the command being processed by seconds, and delays the action happening on screen. 

5G is looking to close the gap between action and response. If all goes well, we could be seeing a 1-millisecond response time on mobile technology.

By 2020, you may be able to watch all your shows and play all your games on your phone with hardly any lag. 

Greater Capacity

5G will have an increased bandwidth to meet capacity needs. This will reduce the strain from gadgets and objects that run off Wi-Fi. These objects are on the rise due to the expansion of the Internet of Things (IoT) and the increasing need for devices to be connected via internet.

IoT refers to the network of devices that connect and share data using embedded sensors. Thermostats, cars, refrigerators and other appliances can be connected to the IoT and share data accordingly. Some experts believe that 30 billion objects will be connected to the IoT by 2020.
 

This would cause enormous strain on bandwidth, but 5G is more than prepared for the challenges of the future. 

Its high-spectrum band (with higher frequency signals) will decrease the strain and allow greater access for users.

Fantastic User Experience

We can say, without any hesitation, that 5G will deliver a fantastic user experience — unbeaten by anything that’s come before it.

Why?

Well, take another look at the benefits: faster download speed, increased browsing speed, less lag, and greater bandwidth.

All those benefits will give users a fantastic experience online. 
 

Is 5G Better Than 4G?

There can only be one winner. See how they compare below:

Speed

4G 5G

4G networks (4G+, LTE-A or 4.5G) deliver download speeds of up to 300Mbps.

5G will offer download speeds in excess of 1Gbps. 

Some estimates put the speed closer to 10Gbps.

One of the fastest browsing speeds is 300Mbps on EE’s LTE-A network.

No exact browsing speed, but tests have shown results from 7.5Gbps to 10Gbps.

Latency

4G 5G

4G delivers 50-milliseconds end to end response.

5G, according to most experts, will deliver 1-millisecond end to end response.

Capacity

4G 5G

Bandwidth and capacity that, despite big improvements over 3G, doesn’t meet the needs of the growing population.

Greater bandwidth that will provide access for, potentially, billions of devices connected through the IoT.

Cost

4G 5G

Networks offer 4G to consumers at competitive costs.

Check your local providers for their 4G package costs.

There’s no exact cost yet, but it won’t be cheap.

5G needs new infrastructure to be implemented, so it can run.

It will make the end cost acceptable for users while considering the infrastructure costs.

Compatibility

4G 5G

4G is becoming more compatible with current devices. Location and device model do play a factor, but it is certainly improving.

5G won’t be compatible on existing devices. New devices need creating with 5G compatibility.

People will upgrade to the newest model anyway.

LTE (Long Term Evolution)

4G 5G

What is 4G LTE?

It is 4G technology that, currently, offers the fastest speeds. 

4G offers this as another option for users who use their tablets or smartphones for browsing the internet.

As 5G will offer some of the fastest internet and downloading speeds, there won’t be any need for 5G LTE.

There has been no news about 5G LTE.

Coverage

4G 5G

Currently, 4G has coverage issues, especially for users who live in fairly remote locations. 

As a result, people in these areas have to rely on 3G. 

Despite its launch some years ago, it is taking time for coverage to be available everywhere.

5G is expected to have the largest coverage yet, with access in nearly all areas. Or at least that is the dream. 

This won’t be easy, as more hardware will have to be built for this to happen.

Just like 4G, it could take time for it to be available everywhere.

The winner?

We can say, with no hesitation, that 5G will be better than 4G. Even though we can’t officially state all 5G statistics, it’s clear that 5G’s features will allow it to deliver a better service than 4G, and change the world.

5G Developments

Holographic calling

5G, with its 10 to 100 times faster speed, will be one of the only networks to be able to hold holographic calls.

Verizon and Korean Telecomm have recently held the world’s first live international holographic call using their trial 5G networks.

The call was between a KT employee in Seoul and a Verizon employee in New Jersey, who were holding a meeting. 

The Verizon employee appeared as a 3D image on the KT employee’s monitor.

Despite not being a projected hologram (like those seen in Star Wars), this is an important development and shows that holographic calling isn’t just available in a galaxy far, far away. 

China’s big 5G spend

China could become the biggest 5G market for future users.

According to a 5G report from the China Academy of Information and Communications Technology, “China’s telecoms will spend a combined 2.8 trillion Yuan (US $411 billion) on building out 5G mobile networks from 2020 to 2030”. 

This is hardly surprising, given it’s the largest 4G market with over 840 million subscribers.

Most experts predict that by 2022, over 530 million people in China could be subscribed to the 5G network. 
 

Qualcomm 5G Summit – 19th October 2017

In a world first, Qualcomm demonstrated 1Gbps internet speed using a 5G smartphone chip.

Qualcomm is now firmly in the lead in the race to launch commercial 5G, after this “major milestone”.

6G

But won’t there be a 6G too?

Some experts predict that we might not need a 6G.

Why?

Because, if 5G has the correct infrastructure, it can be updated easily whenever it needs to be.

Conclusion 

In our ever-changing, technological world, 5G will give users the faster connection and superior user experience they desire. 

While some of the provided data could well change between now and 2020, we can be certain that 5G will be worth the wait.

It has some flaws, notably overall cost and lack of use between current devices. 

However, by the time 5G launches, most people will simply upgrade to the newest model that has 5G compatibility.

5G could very well change the world. By increasing the speed at which all data is transferred, improving response times (latency), and providing more capacity for the millions (if not billions) of devices, superfast mobile internet will no longer be a user luxury: it’ll be a way of living.